KEY POINTS ABOUT MIGRATION IN SCOTLAND

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(CC) Image by Bob the Lomond on Flickr

Some key points about migration we should all take time to consider:

  1. Without net immigration, Scotland‘s population would stagnate over the next two decades and decrease in the longer term.
  2. There is a growing demand for low-cost labour as the privately run care homes funded by local authorities are pushed to care for more people but with less money made available. Many sectors including care, agriculture, food processing and hospitality/catering would find it difficult to survive and stay in business without the labour of migrant workers.
  3. A government study in 2007 estimated that migrants contributed about £6bn to output growth the previous year.
  4. A report for the Low Pay Commission found that between 1997 and 2005, immigration to the UK made a positive contribution to the average wage/increase experienced by non-immigrant workers.
  5. Migrants who have been in the UK for less than five years are twice as likely to start a business as those who have been born here.
  6. More than one in three medical staff that the health service employs in the UK were qualified overseas.
  7. International students contribute £188m directly to Scottish universities (more than 16% of Scottish universities’ total teaching income) and contribute a further £321m to the Scottish economy in other expenditure.
  8. survey conducted by MRN found that 40% of migrants are active volunteer carers, over and above their paid employment or roles as parents or carers, while 10% do the equivalent of full time work as volunteers in the community, supporting and linking migrants and Scots.
  9. Migrants’ demands on public services in Scotland, including the health service and social housing, are lower than that of the general population’s.
  10. No data source provides a reliable indicator of net labour migration. EEA nationals are not subject to immigration control, yet are often considered migrants in public debate and in ONS net migration counts.